Nanoscale materials such as quantum dots, carbon nanotubes, nanoparticles and nanostructures exhibit strong spatial confinement upon photo-excitation and tuneable emission, which makes them extremely useful in photonic applications.

Emission at desired wavelengths has been widely demonstrated in the past, however research is currently focused on improving the quantum yield as well as the photo-stability and chemical stability for example in core/shell geometries. New materials are investigated in the zeroth dimension in dots, the second in sheets such as graphene, or the third in nanostructures, whereas applications from optoelectronic devices to medical diagnostics and quantum computing.

The fluorescence emission, quantum yield and lifetime of nanoscale materials can be characterised with a range of Edinburgh Instruments’ products.

Graphene buckyballs   Quantum_Dots_produced_at_PlasmaChem

Author Year Title Journal Vol. Pages Instrument
Ilaria Angeloni et al. 2017 Band-Edge Oscillator Strength of Colloidal CdSe/CdS Dot-in-Rods: Comparison of Absorption and Time-Resolved Fluorescence Spectroscopy Nanoscale
Jinhyung Park et al. 2016 Efficient eco-friendly inverted quantum dot sensitized solar cells Journal of Materials Chemistry A 4 827-837
Cédric Mongin et al. 2016 Direct observation of triplet energy transfer from semiconductor nanocrystals Science 351 369-372
V. Caligiuri et al. 2016 Dielectric singularity in hyperbolic metamaterials: the inversion point of coexisting anisotropies Nature Scientific Reports 6 20002
Chen Liao et. al 2015 Bright white-light emission from Ag/SiO2/CdS-ZnS core/shell/shell plasmon couplers Nanoscale
Guotao Xiang et al. 2015 Importance of Suppression of Yb3+ De-Excitation to Upconversion Enhancement in β-NaYF4- Yb3+,Er3+@β-NaYF4 Sandwiched Structure Nanocrystals Inorganic Chemistry 54(8) 3921–3928
Guotao Xiang et al. 2015 Preparation and photoelectric properties of semiconductor MoO2 micro/nanospheres with wide bandgap Inorganic Chemistry 54 8
Diana Yanover et al. 2014 Significance of Small-Sized PbSe/PbS Core/Shell Colloidal Quantum Dots for Optoelectronic Applications The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118(30) 17001-17009
Taiping Zhang et. al 2015 Wavelength tuneable infrared light emitting diode based on ordered ZnO nanowire-Si 1-xGe x alloy heterojunction Nano Research 8 2676-2685
Joel Q. Grim et al. 2014 Continuous-wave biexciton lasing at room temperature using solution-processed quantum wells Nature Nanotechnology 9 891-895
H.H. Zhang et al. 2014 Temperature dependence of exciton localization in ZnO/Zn1−xMgxO multiple quantum wells with different barrier compositions Optics Communications 318 37-40
Thomas J. Macdonald et al. 2014 Cation exchange of aqueous CuInS2 quantum dots CrystEngComm 16 9455-9460
S. Satapathy et al. 2014 Effect of calcination temperature on nanoparticle morphology and its consequence on optical properties of Nd:Y2O3 transparent ceramics CrystEngComm 16 2723-2731