Water quality in urban areas becomes increasingly important with the cumulative effect of rain shortages as well as the prevention of infection-related incidents. This applies to fresh and marine water as well as post-treatment wastewater. Quality can be examined through identification of organic matter such as microbes and pathogens.

Organic matter is present in water either on site from microbial activity or as a result of human activities. Humic components and proteins are commonly found in marine and fresh water ecosystems. Although the former is extensively documented, increased effort towards understanding the latter is currently being attempted.

A simple and reliable method for monitoring pollution is additionally urged with the introduction of water recycling schemes. This is where fluorescence spectroscopy can be employed.

Water - Environment       Oxygen2